Como aliviar el dolor de espalda media o dorsalgia / Fisioterapia a tu alcance

Publicado el 05/10/2013
Fisioterapia a tu alcance: 

Dorsalgia o dolor de espalda media, ejercicios para 

aliviar los síntomas

La dorsalgia o dolor medio de espalda afecta a casi el 50% de la población durante su vida activa, es una patología muy recurrente en la sociedad de hoy en día reinada por las oficinas y el trabajo con el ordenador..
El origen de la dorsalgia o dolor medio de espalda la mayoría de las ocasiones es postural, sin embargo el dolor referido entre los omóplatos también puede deberse a un origen visceral.por la irritación las raíces nerviosas que inervan las vísceras.
En este vídeo presentamos una serie de ejercicios muy útiles ara dorsalgia cuyo fin es aliviar los dolores y mejorar los síntomas de esta patología tan presente y tan molesta.
Para mas información dirígete a:http://www.fisioterapiatualcance.es
Para cualquier critica, consulta o aporte, escribe a: contacto@fisioterapiatualcance.es

Lumbar Decompression Back Surgery

FUENTE:
http://www.spine-health.com/treatment/back-surgery/lumbar-decompression-back-surgery

Lumbar Decompression Back Surgery

Decompression is a surgical procedure that is performed to alleviate pain caused by pinched nerves (neural impingement). During a lumbar decompression back surgery, a small portion of the bone over the nerve root and/or disc material from under the nerve root is removed to give the nerve root more space and provide a better healing environment.
There are two common types of spine surgery decompression procedures:
    Microdiscectomy

    A microdiscectomy (a microdecompression) is typically performed for pain from a lumbar herniated disc. The surgery is considered reliable for leg pain caused by the herniated disc, most commonly called sciatica by patients, and most commonly referred to by medical practitioners as a radiculopathy.

    Lumbar Laminectomy

    A lumbar laminectomy (open decompression) is typically performed for pain from lumbar spinal stenosis. The goal of the surgery is to allow more room for the nerve root, thus reducing pain (and potentially any leg weakness or neurological symptoms) and restoring the patient’s ability to participate in everyday activities.

    In addition to the above conditions, a variety of lumbar spine problems can cause nerve pinching that can be treated by a lumbar decompression surgery. These include conditions such as:
    • Isthmic or degenerative spondylolisthesis
    • synovial cyst or a fracture with bone filling the spinal canal
    • spinal tumor (rarely)
    In This Article:

    Alternatives to Microdiscectomy and Laminectomy

    While the above 2 procedures are considered the gold standard for surgical decompression of the spine, there are a few variations and/or alternatives available to decompress the spine. For example:
    • Corpectomy – The vertebral body can be removed through an anterior incision to decompress a canal. The surgery involves removing part of the vertebra in order to decompress, or relieve pressure on, the spinal cord and/or spinal nerves. This surgery is used most commonly in cervical surgery, although occasionally it is useful in the thoracic spine. It is almost never necessary for in the lumbar spine, except in cases of tumors or fractures.
    • Laminotomy – this surgery is essentially the same as a laminectomy, with the exception that a hole is made in the lamina (as opposed to removing the entire lamina).
    • Interspinous process spacer – a possible alternative to a laminectomy, the goal of the interspinous process spacer surgeryis to relieve spinal stenosis symptoms with a less invasive surgery.
    In addition, newer procedures are always being developed. Patients are well advised to research newer procedures carefully, as less data are available regarding effectiveness and long term outcomes.

MÉDULA ESPINAL

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